The pictured wall of Lahore Fort is the last line in the tile-work in the entire world. Despite past animosities, the rural masses in Punjab's farms continue to use the Hindu calendar for planting and harvesting. Lahore, Multan, Dera Ghazi Khan, Kashmir and other subahs (ex-Mughal provinces) on the south and eastern side of Peshawar were under Maratha rule for the most part. info)) is the maist populous province o Pakistan, wi approximately 56% o the kintra's tot population. Another equally important saint for Punjabis was the Punjabi Muslim Fariduddin Ganjshakar also known reverentially as Bābā Farīd or Shaikh Farīd. The Punjab region rose to significance in the Mughal Empire when Lahore became the capital for the royal family in 1585,[44] the legacy of which is seen today in its rich display of Mughal architecture all over modern day Punjab, Pakistan. Lahore is Pakistan's second largest metropolitan area and the most abundant native Punjabi-populated city in the world. The cities of Taxila (Takṣaśilā) at Sirsukh and Peshawar were built. Punjab's Minister of Health, Dr. Yasmin Rashid, announced that the government of Punjab will issue health cards to 45 percent of the population by June. As a result, most rural areas are dominated by a small set of feudalistic land-owning families. It also shares borders with the Indian states… Punjab was part of the Indus Valley Civilization, more than 4000 years ago.[32]. Muslim peoples: a world ethnographic survey / Richard V. Weekes, editor-in-chief Greenwood Press 1978, "Inferiority complex declining Punjabi language: Punjab University Vice-Chancellor". Rawalpindi (Punjab, Pakistan): population 3.25 million. [94][95], Basant is a seasonal festival and is celebrated as a spring festival of kites. The fairs and festivals of Punjab reflect the entire gamut of its folk life and cultural traditions. Are we to live or perish forever? Population Profile Punjab; Punjab District Wise Population Census 2017; Punjab Demographic Indicators and Projections; Punjab Development Statistics 2016; Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey 2014 Key Findings; District Tables; List of Indicators; Pakistan Demographic and Health Survey 2012 - 2013; Pakistan Demographic and Health Survey 2017 - 2018 Gondophares, founder of the Indo-Parthian kingdom, was a ruler of Seistan in what is today eastern Iran, probably a vassal or relative of the Apracarajas. A big fair/mela is organised at Jandiala Sher Khan in district Sheikhupura on the mausoleum of Syed Waris Shah who is the most loved Sufi poet of Punjab due to his classic work, Heer Ranjha. In India, Punjab includes Punjab state, Chandigarh territory, Haryana, and parts of Rajasthan, Jammu Division, Himachal Pradesh and Delhi. The major and native language spoken in the Punjab is Punjabi (which is written in the Shahmukhi script - one of the oldest scripts used for writing Punjabi) and Punjabis comprise the largest ethnic group in the country. The ginning industries are 6,778. In Pakistan, Punjab includes the Punjab province and parts of Azad Kashmir and the Islamabad Capital Territory. On the other hand, the Punjab States partook 17.2 per cent of the population on 28.3 per cent of the area. The Punjabis followed different faiths throughout history, mainly a non-Brahmanical form of Hinduism and Buddhism,[42] however Islam had the biggest impact on the region culturally. Only a few monthly literary magazines constitute Punjabi press in Pakistan". Temperature goes down as low as 40 °F (4 °C). The population of the subdistricts (tehsils and talukas) of Pakistan. Pakistan at 80: the next 10 years Developing more efficient and sustainable agricultural systems to feed the future is a key challenge. Commonly called Pindi, the city is located 9 miles from Islamabad, and it's the 4th most populous urban area in Pakistan. The city was third in Pakistan behind Karachi ($78 billion) and Lahore ($40 billion). The Indo-Greeks were involved with local faiths, particularly with Buddhism, but also with Hinduism'. By the 1900s Western Punjab was predominantly Muslim and supported the Muslim League and Pakistan Movement. The population of the subdistricts (tehsils and talukas) of Pakistan. Alexander invested many troops, eventually killing 17,000 Cathians in this battle, and the city of Sagala (present-day Sialkot) was razed to the ground. The onset of the southwest monsoon is anticipated to reach Punjab by May, but since the early 1970s, the weather pattern has been irregular. 2.4%. Love legends of Heer Ranjha, Mirza Sahiban, Sohni Mahenwal and Saiful Mulk are sung in different styles. The ruins of Harappa show an advanced urban culture that flourished over 8000 years ago. Ludhiana (Punjab, India): 1.6 million. In addition to these departments, there are several Autonomous Bodies and Attached Departments that report directly to either the Secretaries or the Chief Secretary. 1 June 2005. Six years later, the British East India Company declared war and, after, two wars, Punjab was annexed by the British. There are 39,033 small and cottage industrial units. The female population stands at 101.314 million, which is 48.8% of the total headcount, according to the 2017 results. He had his capital at Sagala in the Punjab (present-day Sialkot). Several prominent educational leaders, researchers, and social commentators have echoed the opinion that the intentional promotion of Urdu and the continued denial of any official sanction or recognition of the Punjabi language amounts to a process of "Urdu-isation" that is detrimental to the health of the Punjabi language[66][67][68] In August 2015, the Pakistan Academy of Letters, International Writer's Council (IWC) and World Punjabi Congress (WPC) organised the Khawaja Farid Conference and demanded that a Punjabi-language university should be established in Lahore and that Punjabi language should be declared as the medium of instruction at the primary level. The most famous of the romantic love songs are Mayhiah, Dhola and Boliyan. 1951; reprint 1989), Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency ..., Volume 1, Part 1-page-11, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, For a detailed account of the battle fought, see Chapter VI of, Mortimer, Edward, Faith and Power, (1982), p.68-70. Punjab, Pakistan: 80 million (95% Muslims). The national horse and cattle show at Lahore is the biggest festival where sports, exhibitions, and livestock competitions are held. Punjab was referred to in the Rig Veda as the Sapta Sindhu,[26] meaning the "land of the seven rivers." Punjab es un provincia in li nord-ost de Pakistan in Asia.Li provincia Punjab es li provincia con li max mult habitantes de Pakistan, mem plu quam li demí del tot population de Pakistan habita in li Punjab.. Secun un estimation li provincia Punjab have 91.379.615 (2011) habitantes e un territoria de 205.344 quadrat-kilometres. 1 Etymology Hafiz Saeed, chief of Jama'at-ud-Da'wah (JuD) has questioned Pakistan's decision to adopt Urdu as its national language in a country where majority of people speak Punjabi language, citing his interpretation of Islamic doctrine as encouraging education in the mother-tongue. The mystic folk songs include the Kafees of Khwaja Farid in Saraiki, Punjabi and the Shalooks by Baba Farid. From ancient to modern: Religion, power, and community in India hardcover. One social/educational issue is the status of Punjabi language. The capital is Lahore, a cultural, historical, economic and cosmopolitan centre of Pakistan where the country's cinema industry, and much of its fashion industry, are based. There are a few famous hill stations, including Murree, Bhurban, Patriata and Fort Munro. Trade unions and youth groups: Punjabi Writers Forum, National Students Federation, Punjabi Union-Pakistan, Punjabi National Conference, National Youth Forum, Punjabi Writers Forum, National Students Federation, Punjabi Union, Pakistan, and the Punjabi National Conference. The main activities on these special occasions are confined to congregational prayers and rituals. Punjabi is the provincial language of Punjab but is not given any official recognition in the Constitution of Pakistan at the national level. The Achaemenid Persian empire included Gandhara and western Punjab, administered through the satrapies of Gandāra, Hindush and Sattagydia. In 1799 Ranjit Singh, ruler of the Sukerchakia Misl, defeated the Bhangi Misl and captured Lahore thereby proclaiming himself as the "Maharaja of Punjab" at the age of 21. The culture of Punjab derives its basis from the institution of Sufi saints, who spread Islam and preached and lived the Muslim way of life. Ranjit Singh was not without opponents who challenged his authority in the regions he had conquered. On these occasions, devotees assemble in large numbers and pay homage to the memory of the saint. Punjab contributes about 76% to annual food grain production in the country. [7][8][9][10][11] In 326 BCE, Alexander the Great defeated King Porus at the Battle of the Hydaspes near Mong, Punjab. The kingdom was founded when the Graeco-Bactrian king Demetrius invaded the subcontinent early in the 2nd century BC. Block Wise Provisional Summary Census-2017; Area & Population of Administrative Units (1998) ... Pakistan Bureau of Statistics Statistics House, 21-Mauve Area, G-9/1, Islamabad, Pakistan

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