Pruning should never be done in the fall or the winter as this could expose newly-cut branches to cold temperatures and frost. That is, with the exception of some hardy Mexican varieties – highlighted below. Surprisingly, avocados don’t ripen or soften while still on the … For more information, visit our offices. You could also use specialty hand pruners made specifically for avocado trees, which have rounded tips to keep from damaging any of the fruit. A conical or pyramidal tree shape is best for even sun exposure. Avocados (Persea Americana) are well suited for Florida’s warm, tropical climate. Cut back several of the taller limbs to their original crotch. Pruning avocado trees in July will cause the tree to flower less the following spring. Avocado trees enjoy ample sunshine and water, but impeccably free-draining soil and absolutely no standing water. Lopping Shears: It is suitable to use on stems between half inch and 2 inches in diameter. How to prune an avocado tree. Growth is maximized and defects are easier to see on deciduous trees if live-branch pruning is done just before growth resumes in early spring. Your avocado tree can begin to bear fruit anywhere from three to fifteen years, but around five years is probably average. Soil: Avocado trees do not like wet feet, so be sure to plant your tree in well drained soil. To promote overall regrowth, prune back branches in the spring. I personally recommend watching the video below to learn more about pruning avocado trees in pots: Tip #9 – Don’t Forget to Repot your Avocado Tree. Pruning Landscape Trees and Shrubs. If your tree is getting too wide, trim a few branches back from the sides to keep it under control. Temperature: Avocados are best suited for growing in a lowland tropical climate or frost free subtropical areas along the coast. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, California Agriculture Service: Pruning Avocado Trees. The adage of “prune avocado trees cautiously” was heard round the avocado community and as a result many growers would not do anything. Remember that less pruning is always better for avocado trees. To prevent shock and the spread of blights, always prune during early spring or summer and wash your tools between pruning different trees. They were first reported being transported into the state in the early 1800s. She earned a BA in Environmental and Sustainability Studies from Western Michigan University in 2014. This article was co-authored by Lauren Kurtz. Aim for a symmetrical conical shape, which provides the best amount of sun exposure. With proper care and minimal pruning, your avocado tree can thrive and keep producing fruit for years to come! There are 30 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. for later maturing varieties you should also wait until fear of any cold weather has left. For over 25 years, Joyce Starr has owned businesses dealing with landscape & design, lawn maintenance, specialty herbs and a garden center. Use pruners or loppers to cut any dead-looking branches. Unlike some fruit trees, avocado tree maintenance requires little pruning, according to This Old House. Late pruning may stimulate growth. Last Updated: April 19, 2020 There are several general … Most people find it helpful to cut off a dead branch and give it time to grow back. The avocados bloom in North Florida too. Avocado trees benefit from pruning during the first two years to encourage branching. Prune trees that have produced fruit for several years, back to 10 to 15 feet tall. If you let your avocado grow wild this plant will grow into a very large tree. We are considered a subtropical zone for growing. And finally, these trees don’t tolerate flooding or poorly drained soils. By signing up you are agreeing to receive emails according to our privacy policy. Only prune-out dead and crossing branches or cut the tree to limit size. Plant the tree in well-drained, loamy soil. Reed is rightly called upright for an avocado, but it is not a columnar tree in a more general sense. Tree thinning was practiced, where every other tree would be removed so that light could penetrate into the … Prune the avocado tree once the fruit has been harvested, if needed. Re-shaping will likely make fruit yield drop drastically that year, but it should stimulate fruit growth in 2 years. It might include topping it to keep it from over-growing other trees or to keep it out of power lines, or to help deter portions of it from falling on a building. These branches will grow to block your access at the base of the tree, so cut these back at their base as soon as possible. Cut off any deadwood that is on the avocado tree. Remove the pit from the avocado and give it a good wash. It should only be done in early spring or late fall, when the tree will naturally go dormant for a time. You can perform light preventive pruning any time of the year. This article has been viewed 41,425 times. Very little is needed to get started, all you’ll need is three toothpicks, one avocado and a glass of water. wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. When paired with good pruning, it can make for a good compact tree in tighter spaces. If you prune too much, you can permanently stunt the tree’s fruit growth. Pruning will likely reduce your tree’s fruit output for the year, but increase fruit output for the next year. Never over-prune your avocado trees. Each of them is appropriate for different cases depending on age, time of year, type of pruning, etc. We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. Lauren Kurtz is a Naturalist and Horticultural Specialist. Unless you have experience with avocado trees, have your rejuvenation pruning done by a professional service. If your soil is clay, dig a hole 3 feet deep and 3 feet wide and … The avocados trees bear fruit generally from late winter through early summer. Change the water regularly within 2-4 we… There is no real reason to do this. When Will You Get Avocados? Keep an eye on how many branches you prune from each side and try to keep it symmetrical so your tree isn’t too heavy on one side. Avocado trees grow well in USDA climate zones 9 to 11. Fortunately, your avocado tree won’t require much maintenance, but you’ll still want to prune it during growing season to keep it in shape. Too much pruning can affect next season's fruiting. Heavy pruning is best done after the crop is harvested but before late summer or early fall. Ensure the flat end of the seed is at the bottom and the pointier at the top. Be careful not create too many open areas in the canopy, though, as this could expose the tree’s major branches to heavy sunlight. You should also cut a few branches from the canopy to ensure sunlight can get through to the rest of the tree. Trees can also be planted on a mound to ensure proper drainage. For more tips from our Gardening co-author, including how to prune your avocado tree for rejuvenation, read on! Cutting away deadwood will help prevent Dothiorella rot, which can affect the fruit and cause it to decay. If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Summertime pruning promotes regrowth length and makes the tree grow wider and taller. EDIS is the Electronic Data Information Source of UF/IFAS Extension, a collection of information … Severe pruning will not damage the tree, but can decrease the production of fruit for several seasons. I found it was explained and easy-to-understand.". Prune young avocado varieties that grow tall, such as bacon and Anaheim, to promote the tree to spread instead of putting its energy into growing tall and upright. This will help in the loss of lower limbs because of lack of sunlight and help control the tree’s size. The best time when to prune an avocado tree is really anytime, as long as you are doing a light pruning. Starr shares her passion for nature in her writing, publishing articles on horticulture, outdoor recreation, travel as well as business. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. The best time to prune live branches may depend on the desired results. Will you get avocados from your tree grown from seed? How to Plant Avocado Trees. Keep in mind, though, that mature avocado ripen in about three to eight days once they are removed from the tree, and take care not to let them ripen too much. Through pruning, this distance can be sustained. Type A. Hass does NOT thrive as well in Florida's humidity as it does in California. Avocados (Persea Americana) are well suited for Florida’s warm, tropical climate. Book your hass avocado seedlings today. Cut each limb close to a lateral branch. This process may take 3-4 years to complete, but the slow and steady approach will help reduce stress on the tree. There are several varieties that are more cold tolerant and … What is EDIS? The tree canopy ranges from low, dense and symmetrical to upright and asymmetrical. Wait for the new growth to begin in spring or summer before determining whether or not the branch needs to be pruned. This will contain the tree's height and make picking the fruit easier. If you try to prune when the tree is developing new growth, the cuts will stress the plant and could discourage growth or result in disease. Prune back to the terminal bud on any shoots that are growing upright. The trees growing larger and larger and larger with the fruiting canopy going higher and higher and higher and picking costs and liability going up. We use cookies to make wikiHow great. A dense leaf canopy can act like a kite by catching the wind and can result in tree breakage and the heartbreak of lost avocados. Pruning. How to prune your avocado tree in simple steps. Ideally, avocado trees would only be pruned when there is minimal risk of both extreme cold and extreme heat. Prune any branches that are hanging too low and will interfere with mowing the area around them. However, your tree may need some minimal pruning to maintain easy tree access, balance, and enough sun exposure. When the fruit grows, the tree’s weight will be unevenly balanced and make it more susceptible to strong wind and harsh weather. Avocado trees are arguably one of the easiest plants to grow in your own home. To avoid further root splaying and to encourage JUST tap root growth, you need to prune, prune, prune!,,,,,,,,,,, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Known to be very prolific, and also produce well … Without this pruning and topping, avocado trees grow to be 40 to 80 feet in height and harvesting the fruit becomes difficult. It was propagated and patented from a single seedling that grew out of the Great Depression and produced a funny looking bumpy skinned dark avocado! Because avocado trees need lots of foliage to ensure a high amount of fruit, they don’t need a lot of pruning. These tools are smaller and can typically handle smaller growths. Make any major cuts clean and keep them in line with the natural contour of the trunk. That tree is at least 50 to 60 feet tall and has a huge … Pole Pruner: Pole pruners have a hooked … The native soil of Florida is fine for successful growing. Trees can grow up to 30' tall and 20' wide, and often have a good year followed by an 'off' year. Light selective pruning may be done at any time of year. Also read below gardening tips. References. Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker. The best gardening technique you can do for your Avacado tree is generously repot it. For example, if you prune several branches on one side of the tree, it may stunt fruit growth on that side. Too much pruning can affect next season's fruiting. Lauren has worked for Aurora, Colorado managing the Water-Wise Garden at Aurora Municipal Center for the Water Conservation Department. Whether it's a Florida or California avocado, a … Please find more about those topics in my post “Pruning avocado trees. You should keep a grass-free area two to five feet out from the trunk of the tree. All Rights Reserved. Since this type of pruning can permanently damage or kill your tree, it is not recommended for beginners. If your tree needs major re-shaping, some heavy pruning may be necessary. Pruning your avocado tree will promote more tree growth and increase the number of avocados you get. Clean your pruning shears or loppers with a solution of 50 percent bleach and 50 percent water, to sterilize them. When caring for an avocado tree, prune to open its canopy. Prune when the tree is producing fruit, or shortly after, in order to avoid cutting out fruiting branches. Limbs are easily broken by strong winds or heavy crop loads. It is that simple. Heavy pruning, as the term implies, involves cutting greater portions from the tree. I can’t find much info about the avocado tree I have in the backyard. Avocado trees usually take 3 years to grow and produce fruit again after rejuvenation pruning. A few people have asked me about how I prune my young avocado trees, so here's a video in which I demonstrate how I do it. ... Training and Pruning Florida Peaches, Nectarines, and Plums; Top. She holds certificates in landscape design and xeriscaping. Pruning any later can stimulate new growth that will be susceptible to injury if a frost or freeze affects your area. Your large tree (can't determine its variety from your photos) desperately wants two limbs, to the far right in photo #1 (just above), removed! Lauren has worked for Aurora, Colorado managing the Water-Wise Garden at Aurora Municipal Center for the Water Conservation Department. Native to the tropical America’s, avocados grow well in the frost-free areas of the state. For more tips from our Gardening co-author, including how to prune your avocado tree for rejuvenation, read on! She earned a BA in Environmental and Sustainability Studies from Western Michigan University in 2014. Avocado trees grow up to 80 feet tall in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 9 through 11, and dwarf varieties reach about 15 to 20 feet. Avocados (Persea Americana) are well suited for Florida’s warm, tropical climate.